Osteoporosis is a weakening of your bone structure due to loss of calcium from the bone. It commonly affects women after menopause. There are several individual factors that make it possible to define your risk. The more risk factors you have, the higher your risk of developing the disorder.
Am I at risk for osteoporosis?
YES, if you answer yes to any one of these questions:
- Your menopause occurred very early.
- A member of your family has a history of a fracture in the absence of significant trauma.
- You are thin.
- You have received or are receiving oral steroid treatment.
- You smoke.
- You do not do much physical exercise.
- You regularly consume alcohol.
How can I reduce these risks?
By modifying your habits.
- Stop smoking.
- Reduce or eliminate the consumption of alcohol.
- Eat foods that supply calcium. Your daily calcium requirement, if you are menopausal, is 1500mg/day.
- Resume or increase regular physical activity.
- Expose yourself to sunlight regularly to benefit from vitamin D. In Ireland, your daily vitamin D requirement is 400 IU. This can be taken as an oral supplement.
Good life habits prevent osteoporosis. Take part in regular physical activity. Eat a balanced diet to ensure that you get the recommended daily dose of calcium and vitamin D.
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